A more recent outbreak in 2001 killed six lions. , The male lion's mane is the most recognisable feature of the species.
, This lion coexisted with early humans and prehistoric fauna. Between 2008 and 2016, IUCN Red List assessors used only two subspecific names: P. l. leo for African lion populations and P. l. persica for the Asiatic lion population.
 Some rulers had the word "lion" in their nickname. 
Another 11 animals thought to be Barbary lions kept in Addis Ababa Zoo are descendants of animals owned by Emperor Haile Selassie.  Maneless lions have also been reported in Senegal, in Sudan's Dinder National Park and in Tsavo East National Park, Kenya.  Singh is an ancient Indian vedic name meaning "lion", dating back over 2,000 years. They were removed from the wild in the 1970s, thus decreasing the white lion gene pool.
118.37–143.52 kg (261.0–316.4 lb) in Southern Africa.  Accounts of a few individuals that were larger than average exist from Africa and India.  Asiatic lions usually have sparser manes than average African lions.  Crocodiles may also kill and eat lions, evidenced by the occasional lion claw found in crocodile stomachs.
The lion (Panthera leo) is a species in the family Felidae and a member of the genus Panthera.  The generic name Panthera is traceable to the classical Latin word 'panthēra' and the ancient Greek word πάνθηρ 'panther'.
Lions were also hunted during the Mughal Empire, where Emperor Jahangir is said to have excelled at it. The head and neck are the most common parts of the body licked; this behaviour may have arisen out of utility because lions cannot lick these areas themselves.
 Panthera is phonetically similar to the Sanskrit word पाण्डर pând-ara meaning 'pale yellow, whitish, white'. © 2012 Roman Uchytel.
, The lion was a prominent symbol in ancient Mesopotamia from Sumer up to Assyrian and Babylonian times, where it was strongly associated with kingship. Der Unterkiefer des, "The evolutionary history of extinct and living lions", "Panthera fossilis (Reichenau, 1906) (Felidae, Carnivora) from Za Hájovnou Cave (Moravia, The Czech Republic): A Fossil Record from 1987-2007", "Two forms of cave lion: Middle Pleistocene, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Panthera_leo_fossilis&oldid=982878360, Taxonbars without primary Wikidata taxon IDs, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 October 2020, at 22:44.
, P. l. fossilis was considered an early lion subspecies.
, Herbivores that coexisted with the lion included the hippopotamus, narrow-nosed rhinoceros, straight-tusked elephant, southern mammoth, moose, steppe bison and fallow deer.  In the 1960s, it became extinct in North Africa, except in the southern part of Sudan.
 Generation length of the lion is about seven years. This phenomenon indicates that Central Africa was a melting pot of lion populations after they had become isolated, possibly migrating through corridors in the Nile Basin during the early Holocene. Lascaux inconnu.  Lion predation can account for up to 71% of hyena deaths in Etosha National Park.  The Lion Capital of Ashoka, erected by Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century CE, depicts four lions standing back to back. One of the most widely recognised animal symbols in human culture, the lion has been extensively depicted in sculptures and paintings, on national flags, and in contemporary films and literature. Panthera leo fossilis was one of the first big cats that would later become dubbed ‘cave lions’ in the popular … , Both males and females defend the pride against intruders, but the male lion is better-suited for this purpose due to its stockier, more powerful build. Roman Uchytel’s galleries constitute the first resource solely dedicated to the reconstruction of prehistoric animals beyond the dinosaurs. Although the cause of the decline is not fully understood, habitat loss and conflicts with humans are the greatest causes for concern. , A tuft at the end of the tail is a distinct characteristic of the lion, A lioness (left) and two males in Masai Mara, Four lionesses catching a cape buffalo in the Serengeti, Lioness stealing a kill from a leopard in Kruger National Park.
They spend an average of two hours a day walking and 50 minutes eating.  The leopon is a hybrid between a lion and leopard.  The 1966 film Born Free features Elsa the lioness and is based on the 1960 non-fiction book with the same title. (Judg 14).  The lion is also symbolic for the Sinhalese people; the term derived from the Sanskrit Sinhala, meaning "of lions" while a sword-wielding lion is the central figure on the national flag of Sri Lanka. They usually pull it down by the rump and kill by a strangling bite to the throat.
, In 2005, Lion Conservation Strategies were developed for West and Central Africa, and or East and Southern Africa.
II: Vocal tract characteristics", "The status of savanna carnivores in the Odzala-Kokoua National Park, northern Republic of Congo", "Determinants of distribution patterns and management needs in a critically endangered lion, "Hidden population of up to 200 lions found in remote Ethiopia", "Lions rediscovered in Ethiopia's Alatash National Park", "Lion population roars to 650 in Gujarat forests", "Tired of Gujarat reluctance on Gir lions, MP to release tigers in Kuno", "Stalemate on translocation of Gir lions Kuno Palpur in Madhya Pradesh to be used as tiger habitat now", "Using ancient DNA techniques to identify the origin of unprovenanced museum specimens, as illustrated by the identification of a 19th century lion from Amsterdam", "Evidence for African origins of founders of the Asiatic lion Species Survival Plan", "Genetic management of Captive Populations", "Multi-institutional survey of social, management, husbandry and environmental factors for the SSP African lion Panthera leo population: examining the effects of a breeding moratorium in relation to reproductive success", "Medieval Lion Skulls Reveal Secrets of Tower of London "Zoo, "Killer of Cecil the lion finds out that he is a target now, of internet vigilantism", "Tooth Breakage and Dental Disease as Causes of Carnivore–Human Conflicts", 10.1644/1545-1542(2003)084<0190:TBADDA>2.0.CO;2, 10.2982/0012-8317(2001)90[1:TSOMAL]2.0.CO;2, "Fear of Darkness, the Full Moon and the Nocturnal Ecology of African Lions", "The Aston Villa Crest: 2007 Onwards ...". Narasimha, the man-lion, is one of ten avatars of the Hindu god Vishnu. Some females, however, take a role raising cubs that may be left alone for extended periods. The lion has been depicted as "king of the jungle" and "king of beasts", and thus became a popular symbol for royalty and stateliness. Size: 2.4 meters long.  They tend to roar in a very characteristic manner starting with a few deep, long roars that subside into a series of shorter ones.  It appeared as a symbol for strength and nobility in cultures across Europe, Asia and Africa, despite incidents of attacks on people.  Lions can live over twenty years in captivity; a lion in Honolulu Zoo died at the age of 22 in August 2007.
 The first Asian record of a fossilis lion was found in the Kuznetsk Basin in western Siberia and dates to the late Early Pleistocene. As the rainforest decreased and thus gave rise to more open habitats, lions moved from West to Central Africa.  When the lion population in Kenya's Masai Mara National Reserve declined, the spotted hyena population increased rapidly. , In sub-Saharan Africa, the lion has been a common character in stories, proverbs and dances, but rarely featured in visual arts. In other East African traditions, the lion is the symbol of laziness. It is not albino; it has normal pigmentation in the eyes and skin.
Lions have been kept in menageries since the time of the Roman Empire and have been a key species sought for exhibition in zoological gardens across the world since the late 18th century. When a new male lion takes over a pride, adolescents both male and female may be evicted. , Results of mitochondrial genome sequences derived from two Beringian specimens of Panthera spelaea indicate that it and Panthera fossilis were distinct enough from the modern lion to be considered separate species.
 A study undertaken in the Serengeti National Park revealed that nomadic coalitions gain residency at between 3.5 and 7.3 years of age.
 Lions also use chemical and visual marking; males will spray and scrape plots of ground and objects within the territory.
186.55–225 kg (411.3–496.0 lb) in Southern Africa, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 01:17.  His two sisters, born in 1986, also reached the age of 22.
Female and male lions associate only when mating.
The earliest surviving record of lion hunting is an ancient Egyptian inscription dated circa 1380 BC that mentions Pharaoh Amenhotep III killing 102 lions "with his own arrows" during the first ten years of his rule.
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