snake bite management guidelines

0 How are snake bites treated? Protect the Person. The venomous snake fauna of the South East Asia Region is rich and diverse. startxref 2.

Dr Poonam Khetrapal SinghRegional Director, Jl Jatibaru 2 no 08 Tanah Abang Jakarta 3.

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Immobilize the person completely. Malaysia Biodiversity Information System (MyBIS). 0000003865 00000 n Mechanisms need to be developed to ensure timely access and availability of anti-venom to all needy persons. Tends to occur 4 – 14 days following antivenom administration.

Consists of flu-like symptoms, fever, myalgia, arthralgia and rash. Note the Snake's Appearance.

GUIDELINES Management of Snake Bite Quick Reference Guide July 2016 Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Government of India . Be ready to describe the snake to emergency staff.

1. 0000004397 00000 n 0000004547 00000 n Be ready to describe the snake to emergency staff. <<968418A41D7F0743B327C672713F6FED>]>> Indian Heart J 1990; 42:185. 32) REASSURANCE. 0000001606 00000 n Overview Management and Treatment Prevention Living With. 0000026794 00000 n WHO/SEARO Guidelines for the clinical management of snake bites in the Southeast Asian region.

Recommendations are based on clinical experience and, where possible, on the results of clinical trials. Phone : +62 823 3123 9141 xref 0000008927 00000 n 0000002574 00000 n

For a poisonous Snake bite, we find a pair of puncture wounds side by side. trailer

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The Emergency Care Clinical Network has updated this statewide guidance on managing snake bite envenomation or suspected snake bite. Recommended first aid treatment (Ref Page no. 2. Countries such as Malaysia, Singapore, Cambodia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Republic of Korea, Philippines, Pakistan and Afghanistan may share many of the same medically-important species of snakes that occur in the South-East Asia Region and may find these guidelines useful. These guidelines aim to promote the rational management of snake-bite cases in various health facilities where trained health functionaries and quality snake …

This Guideline elaborates on the important aspects of snakebite clinical management, particularly on the recognition of the species involved and the clinical syndrome caused by envenoming as well as the appropriate investigation and treatment. 0000003301 00000 n 0000004473 00000 n

Nayak KC, Jain AK, Sharda DP, Mishra SN. 0000027669 00000 n The true scale of this problem however is unknown because of inadequate reporting in almost every part of the world. DOWNLOAD PDF FILE. I am confident that these revised guidelines will help Member States to improve the management of snakebites in the peripheral health services and thereby reduce the morbidity and mortality due to snakebites. This Guideline elaborates on the important aspects of snakebite clinical management, particularly on the recognition of the species involved and the clinical syndrome caused by envenoming as well as the appropriate investigation and treatment. 31 37 And even after most venomous snake bites the risk of death is not immediate. Note the Snake's Appearance.

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0000001984 00000 n The geographical area specifically covered by this publication includes the South-East Asia Region of WHO. This publication aims to pass on a digest of available knowledge about all clinical aspects of snake-bite to medically trained personnel. Medically important species found in Malaysia and the predominant clinical features of envenoming are described to facilitate species diagnosis and syndrome recognition, which constitute the most basic information to determine the treatment approach. A letter should also be written to the child’s GP regarding this. 0000001526 00000 n

Although in the last few years production of anti-venom has increased, it is still well below the current estimated annual requirement of 10 million vials. National Guideline for Snake bite Management in Nepal 2019. 2 Quick Reference Guide Final version Table of Content 1.

The incidence of snakebite mortality is particularly high in South-East Asia. 0000003721 00000 n These guidelines are a revised and updated version of Regional Guidelines for the Management of snakebites published by the WHO Regional Office in South-East Asia in 2011. Perhimpunan Dokter Ahli Emergensi Indonesia © 2020, Silabus Extended Focussed Abdominal Scan for Trauma (E-FAST). Signs and symptoms of Snake bite: The first thing to do after a Snake bite is to take a look at the wound. This guidance should be read in conjunction with: Management of snake bite flow chart 3. 0000010331 00000 n Reassure victim that most of the suspected snakebite are caused by nonvenomous snakes. The WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia had developed and published Guidelines for the Management of Snakebites as a special issue of the South East Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health in 1999 followed by publication of the guidelines as independent regional document in 2011. 0000001390 00000 n 0000033311 00000 n These Guidelines are a revised and updated version of similar guidelines published by the WHO Regional Office in South-East Asia in 1999. endstream endobj 32 0 obj<. With envenomation, the onset of pain is usually immediate.

%%EOF How are snake bites treated? Occurs in about 30% of children given antivenom. If antivenom was administered, ensure that the family is given advice on how to recognise serum sickness: 1. 0000001055 00000 n Profile of cardiac complications of snake bite. 31 0 obj <> endobj

This means call 911 or emergency services as soon as you can, because even if the bite isn’t that painful initially, you still need to …

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Considering the new technical advances in the field, the guidelines have been revised with the help of regional and global experts. Regardless of the increasing knowledge about the composition of snake venom and its mode of action, and a sound understanding of clinical features of envenoming, management of snakebites remains a challenge in the Region.

Children with suspected snakebite should only be discharged in daylight hours (neurological signs can be subtle and only evident when children are awake). Reassure victim on that snakebite is a treatable condition.

Snake bite or suspected snake bite is a rare but dangerous condition. Use a makeshift stretcher to carry the person to a place where transport is available to take them to a … 0000016683 00000 n Rational use of snake anti-venom can substantially reduce mortality and morbidity due to snakebites.

0000014945 00000 n Appropriate and timely use of anti-snake venom reduces morbidity and mortality. 0000011247 00000 n 0000033055 00000 n

Snakebites are well known medical emergencies and a cause of hospital admission in many countries. 0000037911 00000 n 0000008031 00000 n

Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 1999; 30(Suppl 1):1. 0000003818 00000 n

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